Hall of Geology


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Explore the natural history of the Iron Range and learn more about what makes the Iron Range famous in our Hall of Geology. The Iron Range is part of the land that was first to appear above the prehistoric sea that covered the entire planet, over 5 billion years ago. We Iron Rangers live on top of some of the oldest rocks in the world.

Of course, three of the most important features of Northeastern Minnesota are the three iron ore ranges:  The Vermillion:  which is to the north and east of us here, and includes the cities of Tower, Soudan and Ely.  The iron found on the Vermillion Range consist of very dense hematite and jasper and dates back about 2 billion years.  

Objects on Exhibit: